And they can run up to 37 miles per hour. The African forest buffalo (Syncerus caffer nanus), also known as the dwarf buffalo or the Congo buffalo, is the smallest subspecies of the African buffalo. A Cape Buffalo in the Kruger National Park of South Africa. By any name, they are formidable beasts and the heaviest land animals in North America. GROUP NAME: Herd. African Animals facts photos and videos..Africa is a wonderland for animal lovers, and a schoolroom for anyone who wants to learn about nature, beauty and the rhythm of life . There are three forms of the savanna buffalo; the West African savanna buffalo or Sudanese buffalo (S. c. brachyceros), the central African savanna buffalo or Nile buffalo (S. c. aequinoctialis) and the southern Savanna buffalo or cape buffalo (Syncerus caffer caffer). They are found in the swamps, floodplains as well as mopane grasslands and forests of the major mountains of Africa. It is related to the Cape buffalo (Syncerus caffer caffer), Sudanese Buffalo (Syncerus caffer brachyceros) and Nile Buffalo (Syncerus cafferaequinoctialis). Buffalo Facts Pages: 24, Paperback, Independently published. The ungulates are found starting in southwest Ethiopia and through Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Tanzania, Zambia, and Malawi, with patchier distribution through Angola, Mozambique, and Swaziland. Together we … Average lifespan of the African buffalo is about 20 years in the wild. Old males may be solitary. AVERAGE LIFE SPAN IN THE WILD: Up to 25 years. The adult buffalo’s horns are its characteristic feature; they have fused bases, forming a continuous bone shield referred to as a “boss”. Horns can help distinguish age and sex. Lion, Leopard, Hyena, African Wild Dog, Crocodile, Humans. Ezulwini Game Lodges offer guests the perfect place to view the big five, one of which is the Cape buffalo. By Iris Ho on April 25 2017 in Environment. © 1996-2015 National Geographic Society, © 2015- African buffalo are very dependent on water and can consume 35 … "White calves are also very rare — one has been born on Hunt Africa." Although this is the natural reaction of almost any buffalo that is being shot at, it is also done by many non-provoked, solitary males. Fun Facts for Kids The African buffalo is one of the most successful grazers in Africa. This creates shield on their heads known as a “boss”. There are currently four recognised subspecies of buffalo; the Forest buffalo, the West African savanna buffalo, the Central African savanna buffalo and the Cape or African buffalo. However, … They are classified into three sub-species: Cape buffalo, West African Savanna buffalo and Forest buffalo. Dort bewohnt er offene Savannenlandschaften und bewaldete Flussgebiete des Tief- und Hochlands. We asked South African hunter turned conservationist Lindsay Hunt, featured in the Mutual of Omaha's Wild Kingdom special Buffalo Warrior, to give us 10 surprising facts about Cape buffalo. Buffaloes mate and give birth only during the rainy seasons. Females and their young, including males up to 2 - 3 years old, live in herds of up to 1000 individuals. African buffalo are social animals and live in groups called herds. To me, this portrait sums up the essence of the Cape buffalo, an imposing animal with a reputation for being grumpy and unpredictable. The African forest buffalo (Syncerus caffer nanus), known also as the Dwarf or Congo buffalo, is the smallest subspeciesof the African Buffalo. Many stories are told about how they ambush hunters that have wounded them during hunting expeditions. Numbering at over 670,000, the majority of the population today lives inprotected areas, where hunting is limited and strictly controlled. The Mafia reference has certainly taken them off my list of future pets though.. Getting even with hunters is only fair. Other facts. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Bubalus bubalis. It is also known as the Cape buffalo. In a large group, they are also able to ward off a pride of preying lions. 2 … African buffalo make sounds of grunts, growls and other deep cow sounds. “Dagga Boys” This is the final facts about the African Buffalos, it is both engrossing at the same … The African buffalo is the continent's second biggest killer after mosquitoes killing over two hundred people every year, many of whom have attempted to hunt the animals themselves then finding they become the prey to the wounded and vengeful beast. It takes several lions to bring down a fully grown African Buffalo but leopards and spotted hyenas are only a threat to calves. The African buffalo is not an ancestor of domestic cattle and is only distantly related to other larger bovines. AMAZON. These horns can grow to 5 feet (1.5 meters) long. (The forest, In 2018, a South African big game hunter was gored to death when a buffalo blindsided after he shot and killed another member of the herd. The African buffalo has a broad chest, large limbs and a large head. Oct 11, 16 10:26 PM If one individual is under attack from a predator, the herd will rush to the victim’s defence, and a herd is easily capable of driving away an entire pride of lions. Interesting African buffalo Facts: African buffalo is large animal that can reach 6.8 to 11 feet in length, 3.2 to 5.6 feet in height and weight between 660 and 1900 pounds. African buffaloes are wild animals found in the woodlands and forests of Africa. Behavior. The diet of an African Buffalo consists of grass and other vegetation. Being a member of the big-five game family, a term originally used to describe the five most dangerous animals to hunt, the Cape buffalo is a sought-after trophy, with some hunters paying over $10,000 for the opportunity to hunt one. The African Cape Buffalo Is commonly found in the Hluhluwe Umfolozi Game Reserve, they require large areas and are nomadic. Learn more. From the base, the horns diverge downwards, then smoothly curve upwards and outwards. Highly prized by big game hunters, these incredible creatures are members of "Africa's Big Five" - the five most difficult African animals to hunt on foot. African forest buffalo live in the rainforests of West and Central Africa; however, their home ranges typically consist of a combination of marshes, grassy savannas and the wet African rainforests. African buffalo has large head, broad chest and strong legs. They can measure between 2.4 and 3.4m (7.75-11ft) long and stand 1.5m (4.9ft) tall. They prefer the habitat that has a dense cover of reeds and thickets. Cape buffalo danger facts. African Buffalo Horns Tell Many Stories. Even though the African buffalo is the most abundant large herbivore in Africa, populations are on a downward trend due to habitat loss, poaching, drought, and disease. Buffalo Facts. Eventually, when enough members have ‘voted’, the dominant female leads the herd off in the direction that most of the individuals have faced. It has a reddish to dark red-brown coat, and smaller, swept-back horns. Vocalizations are associated with different activities or situations. Savannas are the area where the buffalo graze, while the marshes serve as wallows and help with the insects. Learn African buffalo facts for kids. A characteristic feature of the horns of adult male African buffalo is fusion of their bases, forming a continuous bone shield referred to as a "boss". When the herd is ready to move on after resting, individuals start to stand up and face the direction in which they wish to move. Like cows, buffalo chew cud to further extract nutrients. The Cape buffalo is the only member of the buffalo and cattle tribe (Bovini) that occurs naturally in Africa. African buffalo are considered “near threatened” by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature, which determines the conservation listings for species, because its numbers have been decreasing. Make sure you guys appreciate us and don't forget to Like, Share and Subscribe. It is four times stronger than ox. This leopard was out hunting when it came upon a herd of wild African buffalo and seemed to think one, perhaps a calf, might make a good meal. Cape buffalos are found in several eastern African countriesand their habitat spans as far south as South Africa, though they typically avoid desert andsubdesert areas throughout that range. Other facts. The African buffalo or Cape buffalo is a large African bovine. Older male buffalo, though, often strike out in smaller clusters or on their own. The ears are large and tend to droop; they are edged by a long fringe of hairs, including two white tufts in forest buffalo. The Cape Buffalo are also bulk grazers. African Buffalo -- The current status of African cape buffalo is dependent on the existence of the animal's value to both trophy hunters and tourists, paving the way for conservation efforts through anti-poaching patrols, village crop damage payouts, and CAMPFIRE payba. "Cape buffalo are known to kill lions, and can seek out and kill lion cubs — preventative punishment." Appearance . Hence the nickname “The Black Death”. Depending on the subspecies, African buffalo range in color from dark brown or black (in savannah-living races) to bright red (forest buffalo). COMMON NAME: Water Buffalo. They prefer the habitat that has a dense cover of reeds and thickets. Because of this, they’re considered prize trophies by big game hunters. The largest individuals stand up to 5.5 ft. tall at the shoulder, and can weigh 2,000 lbs. The horn span of a large African buffalo bull can exceed 1 meter (3 feet). Despite the fact that the diverse fauna of Africa is filled with wild predators, the African buffalo is attributed to animals, from which people die more often than from cheetahs, leopards, lions and other cats. Main Characteristics The African Buffalo is a stocky built member of the cow family.They have a body length between 2.1 and 3.4 m (7 - 11 ft), a tail length between 75 and 110 cms (30 - 43 inches), a shoulder height between 1.35 and 1.7 m (4.4 - 5.6 ft) and they weigh up to 685 Kgs (1510 lbs). Read More. African Buffalo Facts. There are currently four recognised subspecies of African buffalo, which vary greatly in size and appearance. So to speak, they are second only to hippos and Nile crocodiles. Two other professional hunters were killed by Cape buffalo in Zimbabwe in 2012. Females also have horns, but they are much smaller. Humans are a predator of the African Buffalo but it has few natural predators, the main ones being lions, leopards and hyenas. They face conservation challenges including habitat fragmentation and conflicts with humans because of their size and aggression. Interesting facts: Lions are often found following large or smaller herds of buffalo, while waiting for a chance to catch and kill one. African buffalo are known to rush to the defence of another herd member if it is under attack from a predator. How the misnomer came to be is murky, but it’s thought early American settlers called bison “buffalo” because they look similar—large, brown, hulking beasts that graze—but the two animals are actually from different genuses within the bovine subfamily. At Billy’s Lodge, there is a skywalk which provides the perfect vantage point to watch both buffalo and elephant herds wander past. Once popular trophies for hunters, these large and often dangerous animals have continued to capture the imagination. African Buffalo African buffaloes are wild animals found in the woodlands and forests of Africa. True buffalo only live in Asia and Africa. Are Cape Buffalo Really Dangerous? fact lexicon with terms going straight to the point. The African buffalo is not endangered and has a population of 900,000, of which more than three-quarters are in protected areas. Lion, Leopard, Hyena, African Wild Dog, Crocodile, Humans. Syncerus caffer caffer (the Cape buffalo) is the nominate subspecies and the largest one, with large males weighing up to 910 kg (2,010 lb). African buffalo are hardy critters, able to live and flourish in many habitats—from semi-arid bushland to coastal savannas to lowland rainforests—as long as they’re close to a water source. African buffalo are preyed on by lions, cheetahs, crocodiles, leopards hyenas, and humans, although they are only hunted by the experienced, as they are highly dangerous when threatened or attacked, and many people are killed each year by the buffalo. Though generally quiet, African buffalo vocalize in a number of different ways. Photograph by Ami Vitale, Nat Geo Image Collection, Watch what happens when buffalo chase a leopard up a tree, https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/a/african-buffalo.html. Meanwhile, calves spend up to a year and a half suckling and are completely dependent on their mothers during this time. The forest buffalo (Syncerus caffer nanus) is the smallest of the subspecies and weight about 270 kilograms (595 pounds). Male water buffalo have horns that curve backward. The tail can range from 70 to 110 centimeters (28 to 43 inches) long. We wish you Good Health. Dangerous Game – When you think of dangerous African wildlife, most people picture lions stalking them or African elephants trampling them. In adult male African buffaloes, the base of their distinct, … Buffalo are the largest animals found in north America and can grow to 6-7 feet long, weighing up to 2,000lbs. Buffalo are considered one of the “big five,” a term grouping them with leopards, rhinoceroses, elephants, and lions as the most dangerous animals to hunt in Africa. The African buffalo is one of the biggest and most dangerous grassland animals. Each of these buffalo species varies significantly in size and appearance. Usually, they have one calf at a time, and the female will carry the calf for a gestation period of 11 months before giving birth. Some call them "the Black Death" or "the widowmaker" African buffaloes are known to kill more hunters in Africa than any other wildlife animal. Although they are listed as being a species of "Least Concern… When they are ready to travel, they will stand and turn in the direction they want to go. 5. All rights reserved. Incredibly sad and wrong that we may lose them through greed and indifference on the part of humans. Life in the Herd. African forest buffalo are very rarely observed in the unbroken canopy of the forests. African buffalo have a democracy. African buffaloes are violent and dangerous animals which have never been domesticated. Related Products. Birds such as oxpeckers, for example, ride on the back of the buffalo and eat lice, fleas, and other parasites while getting a lift. They can also spread diseases to livestock, including foot-and-mouth disease and bovine tuberculosis. Lots of facts I didn’t know–the idea of a ‘gang’ of buffalo, or an’ obstinacy’ of buffalo seems quite appropriate now that I know more about them. TYPE: Mammals. With its bulky build and thick horns, the African buffalo is considered to be a very dangerous animal as they gore and kill over 200 people every year. Their size and appearance vary based on the subspecies. The adult buffalo’s horns are its characteristic feature; they have fused bases, forming a continuous bone shield referred to as a “boss”. Buffaloes have earned a bad reputation from hunters and other people who come in close contact with them. The male is often almost twice the weight of the female, has stronger horns, a thicker neck, and a shoulder hump. They’re also present in South Africa, and along the southwest coast in countries like the west African countries of Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Benin and the southern part of Burkina Faso. Physical Description. African buffaloes are violent and dangerous animals which have never been domesticated. AMAZON. DIET: Herbivores. Both males and females have horns, which they use to defend themselves against African predators like lions. The body is heavy-set, with stocky legs, a large head, and short neck. The African buffalo is among the largest herbivores in Africa. Characterized by their size and unique horns, the Cape buffalo, also known as the Southern Savanna buffalo, is the largest of the four African buffalo subspecies, and the largest of all bovid species in Africa. African Buffalo. Here are our 10 whacky facts about the Cape buffalo: Buffalo are actually fantastic swimmers. The buffalo didn’t like that idea. Herds are very protective of their members and they are thought to "vote" on which direction they should take. Habitat and Range. Buffalo are bovids, which means they have a keratin sheath covering … The majority of \"votes\" wins and the head female will lead the herd in the winning direction.African buffalo are very aggressive and have a tendency to attack humans. They are not closely related to the water buffalo (which are a little bigger). Buffalo Facts | Southern Africa Wildlife Guide The African buffalo is traditionally known as the meanest beast in the bush, prone to launch a killing charge at the drop of a hat. These large animals are known for their unpredictable behavior and will occasionally attack humans. See what AWF is doing to prevent this species from becoming endangered. A Cape buffalo, a subspecies of African buffalo, grazes in Kenya's Lewa Wildlife Conservancy with a red-billed oxpecker on its back. Female buffalo horns do not have a “boss”. There are no distinct markings on the body, although forest buffalo tend to darken with age and may thus have dark patches mingled with the red base color. Male water buffalo have horns that curve backward. Distinctive tassels hang from the tips of the forest buffalo’s ears. Their short fur is black, dark brown, or reddish-brown. 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Against African predators like lions © 2015- 2020 National Geographic Society, © 1996-2015 National Geographic Society, 2015-... Kenya 's Lewa Wildlife Conservancy with a bird on their own name, are! Affalo or Cape buffalo, though, often strike out in smaller mixed herds of African buffalo:! Similar to the lifestyle of the forest buffalo the Kruger National Park of South Africa. unpredictable...
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