When the King of Edom refused to allow the children of Israel to pass through his land on their way to the land of Canaan the Israelites were expressly ordered not to wage war upon the Edomites, but to go round their country (Num. 37). Popups will show translations and definitions based on the original source Scripture. Strong's Number H123 matches the Hebrew ×Ö±×Ö¹× ('Edom), which occurs 102 times in 94 verses in the Hebrew concordance of the NASB Page 1 / 2 (Gen 25:30â1Ch 18:13) The name Hebron likely derives from the Hebrew root ×.×.×¨, meaning âfriend.â The name is known from ancient stamp seals (see discussion further on) as well as from the Bible. Meaning of Idumea - History and Origin. Thus the Lord preserved David whithersoever he went.â. Idumea or Edom in Hebrew was the region south of Judea originally inhabited by the reputed descendents of Jacob's brother Esau. 26). ], xxxvi. Meaning: red or red earth. â¦. Immediately before the siege of Jerusalem 20,000 Idumeans, under the leadership of John, Simeon, Phinehas, and Jacob, appeared before Jerusalem to fight in behalf of the Zealots who were besieged in the Temple (Josephus, "B. The country had before that been called "Mount Seir" (Gen. xxxii. Noun ××× ( adam) is one of a few words for man but means literally probably "product" or likeness-made-from-soil; man as corporeal unit of humanity. 14). It was noted for the wisdom of its inhabitants ( Amos 1:12 ; Obadiah 1:8 ; Jeremiah 49:7 ; Ezekiel 25:13 ). 9, 10, 13, 26), who was probably a Judean appointed by the King of Judah. Word Origin from yabal Definition world NASB Translation inhabited (1), inhabited world (1), world (34). ii. xiv. From that time Edom remained subject to Israel. "Edom" in the Bible is also used as an equivalent for "Edomites," though the expression "the children of Edom" occurs but once (Ps. Edom ( / ËiËdÉm /; Hebrew: ×Ö±××Ö¹× â¬ Ê¼Edom, lit. Meaning of idumean. And Edom came out against him with much people, and with a strong hand.â, âThus Edom refused to give Israel passage through his border: wherefore Israel turned away from him.â, âAnd the Lord spake unto Moses and Aaron in mount Hor, by the coast of the land of Edom, saying,â, âAnd they journeyed from mount Hor by the way of the Red sea, to compass the land of Edom: and the soul of the people was much discouraged because of the way.â, âAnd Edom shall be a possession, Seir also shall be a possession for his enemies; and Israel shall do valiantly.â, âAnd they removed from Kadesh, and pitched in mount Hor, in the edge of the land of Edom.â, âThen your south quarter shall be from the wilderness of Zin along by the coast of Edom, and your south border shall be the outmost coast of the salt sea eastward:â, âThis then was the lot of the tribe of the children of Judah by their families; even to the border of Edom the wilderness of Zin southward was the uttermost part of the south coast.â, âAnd the uttermost cities of the tribe of the children of Judah toward the coast of Edom southward were Kabzeel, and Eder, and Jagur,â, âLord, when thou wentest out of Seir, when thou marchedst out of the field of Edom, the earth trembled, and the heavens dropped, the clouds also dropped water.â, âThen Israel sent messengers unto the king of Edom, saying, Let me, I pray thee, pass through thy land: but the king of Edom would not hearken thereto. Of or pertaining to ancient Idumea, or Edom, in Western Asia. Hebrew: ×Ö±×Ö¹× âtransliteration: edom. 7); Elath and Ezion-gaber its seaports (I Kings ix. NAS Word Usage - Total: 1 stuff 1 30). Tap on the underlined Bible text in the verses on this page (as shown below). And he answered, The way through the wilderness of Edom.â, âSo the king of Israel went, and the king of Judah, and the king of Edom: and they fetched a compass of seven days' journey: and there was no water for the host, and for the cattle that followed them.â, âAnd Jehoshaphat said, The word of the Lord is with him. 8, 9). As among the Horites, each tribe was ruled by a prince or chief (), whose position resembled probably that of an Arab sheik (Gen. xxxvi. Then Libnah revolted at the same time.â, âHe slew of Edom in the valley of salt ten thousand, and took Selah by war, and called the name of it Joktheel unto this day.â, âThou hast indeed smitten Edom, and thine heart hath lifted thee up: glory of this, and tarry at home: for why shouldest thou meddle to thy hurt, that thou shouldest fall, even thou, and Judah with thee?â, âNow these are the kings that reigned in the land of Edom before any king reigned over the children of Israel; Bela the son of Beor: and the name of his city was Dinhabah.â, âHadad died also. How to say Idumea in English? You are a unique individual. Meaning of "Idumea" Israeli name. 11, 12). âAnd Esau said to Jacob, Feed me, I pray thee, with that same red pottage; for I am faint: therefore was his name called Edom.â, âTherefore thus saith the Lord God; I will also stretch out mine hand upon Edom, and will cut off man and beast from it; and I will make it desolate from Teman; and they of Dedan shall fall by the sword.â. The name "Edom" is used by the Talmudists for the Roman empire, and they applied to Rome every passage of the Bible referring to Edom or to Esau. Phonetic Spelling: (id-oo-mah'-yah) Definition: Idumea, a region South of Judea. Ecclus. id. A grandson of Esau, one of the "dukes of Edom" ( Genesis 36:11 Genesis 36:15 Genesis 36:42 ). i. ... A native or inhabitant of Idumea. Information sourced from Strong's Concordance. Areas in dark red show the approximate boundary of classical-age Idumaea. Judas Maccabeus conquered their territory for a time (B.C. The boundary between Moab and Edom was the brook Zered (Deut. 16; Num. The King James Bible (1611) and Strong's Concordance (1890) with Hebrew and Greek dictionaries are sourced from the BibleForgeDB database (https://github.com/bibleforge) within the BibleForge project (http://bibleforge.com). Contrary to the promise of Isaac that Esau's dwelling would be of the fatness of the earth and of the dew of heaven (Gen. xxvii. 17, 18; II Kings iii. 76b). Popups will show translations and definitions based on the original source Scripture. Click on the 'Strong's Concordance Details' button for more information including related verses. cxxxvii. Edom was periodically subjected to Judea (under David & Solomon [10th c. BCE] & the Maccabees [2nd c. BCE]). 18, § 1), the name "Seir" is due to the fact that Esau was hairy (Gen. xxv. 47); forty years later David overthrew the Edomites in the "valley of salt," and his general Joab slew all their males (II Sam. 7; Obad. 12), whose ways of life they adopted. 7, § 6). xxi. Edom appears in written sources relating to the late Bronze Age and to the Iron Age in the Levant, such as the Hebrew Bible and Egyptian and Mesopotamian records. 2; ii. Edom is mentioned in the cuneiform inscriptions in the form "Udumi" (u); three of its kings are known from the same source: Ḳaus-malaka at the time of Tiglath-pileser (c. 745), Malik-rammu at the time of Sennacherib (c. 705), and Ḳaus-gabri at the time of Esarhaddon (c. 680). H123 - ×Ö±×Ö¹× Ê¼Ädôm, ed-ome'; or (fully) ×Ö±××Ö¹× Ê¼Ädôwm ; from ; red (see Genesis 25:25); Edom, the elder twin-brother of Jacob; hence the region (Idumaea) occupied by him:âEdom, Edomites, Idumea. Hadad, one of the royal family, fled to Egypt, and after David's death returned and endeavored to excite his countrymen to rebellion; failing in which he went to Syria (ib. According to Josephus ("Ant." 15, 16). Edom was an ancient kingdom in Transjordan located between Moab to the northeast, the Arabah to the west and the Arabian Desert to the south and east. Alterthumskunde," p. 35). From this time the Idumeans ceased to be a separate people, though the name "Idumea" still existed the time of Jerome. 6, the mountain was called "Seir" long before Esau's birth. The boundaries of Edom are very concisely defined: The country stretched along the route followed by the Israelites from the Sinaitic peninsula to Kadesh-barnea, that is, along the east side of the valley of Arabah. They were again subdued by John Hyrcanus (c. 125 B.C. Definition of idumean in the Definitions.net dictionary. However, a list of chiefs given after that of the kings (ib. 3). 1181; Baethgen, Beiträge zur Semit. Definition and meaning: Idumea . These are the dukes of Edom.â, âThem also king David dedicated unto the Lord, with the silver and the gold that he brought from all these nations; from Edom, and from Moab, and from the children of Ammon, and from the Philistines, and from Amalek.â, âMoreover Abishai the son of Zeruiah slew of the Edomites in the valley of salt eighteen thousand.â, âAnd he put garrisons in Edom; and all the Edomites became David's servants. 15; Num. Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary (1869) , by Roswell D. Hitchcock. Idumea was a Greek word meaning "pertaining to Edom". 163; "Ant." So, he was called âRedâ (Edomâ Genesis 25:30 ). They were then incorporated with the Jewish nation, and their country was called by the Greeks and Romans "Idumea" (Mark iii. In classical Greek, the name was rendered as the cognate Idumea, which geographically was a smaller area in the same general region. see HEBREW 'adom. Hoorah! Quotes available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. This page was last modified on July 18, 2017 at 01:10 AM. At the same time they were driven by the Nabatæans from Idumea. 8). It is stated further (II Chron. The whole depression is known today as Wady el-`Arabah (compare Hebrew ha-`arabhah, Deuteronomy 2:8 the Revised Version (British and American), etc.). Idumean (Adjective) Of or pertaining to ancient Idumea or Edom, a historical region south of Judea and the Dead Sea, mentioned in the Bible. Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine. 4, § 5). 6, 8), where he had lived before (Gen. xxxii. According to the Book of Genesis, it was given to Esau Esau [Heb.,=hairy], in the Bible, son of Isaac, who sold his birthright to his younger twin, Jacob, for lentil stew and who was tricked by Jacob out of his father's blessing. From 1880 to 2018 less than 5 people per year have been born with the first name Idumea. xxxvi. xx. Definition: Edom = "red" Edom ; Edomite, Idumean - descendants of Esau ; land of Edom, Idumea - land south and south east of Palestine . Edom is the name which was given to Esau, the first-born son of Isaac, on the day he sold his birthright to Jacob for a mess of pottage, the reddish color of which gives it its name—"Adom" (Gen. xxv. NAS Exhaustive Concordance. p. 620). This term was given by the Greeks and Romans for the country of Edom on the S borders of Judea inhabited by Idumeans (Edomites) (Mark 3:8; Is 34:5-6; Ezek 35:15; 36:5). 7). Esau is described as a man who subsisted by hunting (Gen. xxv. 14-21; Deut. 90 average monthly searches for 'Ezekiel 25:13' on Google, And I will execute great vengeance upon them, love the Lord your God with all your heart, examples within Bible verses highlighted in yellow (follow this link to go there), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. With Antipater began the Idumean dynasty that ruled over Judea till its conquest by the Romans. 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